Factsheet on the 2030 Agenda in Jordan

I.  Background

 

Statistical Country Profile SDG Country Profile Stimulus Tracker

 

II.  Planning and implementation – institutions and processes

SDG institutional framework

As per its first national voluntary national review (VNR) report, Jordan did not develop a new institutional framework for implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, but rather built on and further refined existing frameworks and mechanisms.

The key strategic planning document entitled Jordan 2025: A National Vision and Strategy, launched in May 2015[1] and developed with the engagement of main group organizations (MGOs), had already accounted for the three dimensions of sustainable development. The Vision is based on the principles of advancing equality of opportunity and engagement in decision-making, promoting the rule of law, building institutional capacity, and ensuring public finance sustainability. The document contains 200 priority initiatives for addressing the national development goals set for the period.

The Executive Development Programme (EDP) 2016-2019[2] under implementation during the presentation of the Jordanian VNR translates the Jordan 2025 National Vision and Strategy into actionable and measurable development programmes, and links to national sectoral development plans and strategies under the National Vision and Strategy. The 2016-2019 EDP covers 26 development sectors and 2,126 projects with 600 measurable performance indicators, including a large proportion of Tier I SDG indicators. It was noted in the VNR that future EDPs would contain all Tier I indicators, as well as Tier II and III indicators for which data becomes available or calculation methodologies are determined.

Governorate development programmes with outputs included in the national EDP were also developed for the 12 governorates and respond to national priorities and challenges at the subnational level. These programmes should advance decentralization and help local councils mainstream the SDGs into development plans.

The Government has recently developed an Indicative Executive Programme 2021-2024 to support economic recovery. It aims to further strengthen the rule of law and fighting corruption, support the transition to a digital and green economy, increase investment in productive sectors, enhance infrastructure and social services, and promote employment and combat poverty.

The Jordan Response Plan (JRP) for the Syria Crisis 2017-2019, complements the national EDP. The Government has prepared a new JRP for 2020-2022, expected to result in a more effective response and to improve monitoring.[3]

The Economic Growth Plan (2018-2022), with outputs integrated in the national EDP aims “to recapture the growth momentum”[4] and support the achievement of the Jordan 2025 Vision targets.

Other national plans and strategies with outputs integrated in the national EDP have also been developed, providing an enabling policy environment for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. A selected list of the plans and strategies can be located on the Arab National Development Planning Portal.

A roadmap was developed for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and presented in March 2016 at a national consultation involving participants from government and MGOs to ensure ownership. The understanding was that the roadmap would be elaborated into a national workplan on SDG implementation and monitoring, and periodically reviewed and adjusted. It underlines several aspects including the following:

  • Raising awareness of the 2030 Agenda; Mainstreaming the Sustainable Development Goals, targets and indicators in the Jordan Vision 2025, EDPs, and subnational plans (initially in two governates to be expanded to all governates);
  • The extent to which progress has been made to further integrate the principles, goals, targets and indicators of the 2030 Agenda into national planning frameworks, and to turn the roadmap into a workplan and operationalize national and sectoral development plans is to be examined. In its 2018 report, [5] the Audit Bureau of Jordan provided recommendations to the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation on the need to better align EDP goals and indicators with the 2030 Agenda; to link the strategic plans of ministries and government departments to the SDGs and prepare adequate operational plans for their implementation; and to clearly define the responsibilities of the different ministries in the implementation of common goals.
  • Enhancing statistical systems and data quality, availability and disaggregation;
  • Costing SDGs and financing their implementation;
  • Developing a national monitoring system by the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation, and a monitoring dashboard to be made available on the Ministry’s website;
  • Promoting greater engagement of the private sector and MGOs in SDG planning, implementation and monitoring processes.
Leadership, engagement and buy-in

The Higher National Committee for Sustainable Development, established in 2002 to coordinate national preparations for the Johannesburg Summit, was restructured in 2005.[6] This Committee was eventually tasked to oversee and follow-up on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. In March 2017, its membership was expanded to include wider government and civil society participation to increase alignment with the 2030 Agenda.[7] Representatives from two civil society alliances, the Jordanian National Alliance for Sustainable Development and the Coordination Commission of Civil Society Organizations, were included in the Committee.[8]

The functions of the Committee include supporting the identification of national priorities; ensuring the mainstreaming of the 2030 Agenda into national and sectoral strategies and plans; overseeing the process of preparing progress reports on sustainable development; approving EDPs to be forwarded to the Higher Steering Committee[9] for endorsement; forming working groups as needed; and recommending the development of legislation commensurate with sustainable development needs or the amendment of existing legislation. The National Committee has a Coordination Committee under it and 18 working groups.

The working groups develop EDPs. They are responsible for identifying medium and long-term priorities by sector and commensurate objectives, policies, programmes, projects, results-based performance indicators and the necessary funding requirements. To ensure better alignment with the SDGs, two additional working groups on “gender equality” and “human rights and freedom of expression” were created. Their members also support the work of other working groups to help achieve greater interlinkages and complementarities. Representatives from the private sector and civil society organizations participate in all the working groups.[10]

Figure 1. Institutional structure for 2030 Agenda implementation